Miguasha-UNESCO heritage site, Quebec


Part 3

I cross the inter-provincial bridge from New Brunswick into the province of Quebec and turn right onto Hwy 134. This road encircles the entire Gaspe Peninsula, however I am only going along part of the east side, which is cradled between a mountainous bluff and the islands dotting the Restigouche River. It is a beautiful drive but with limited shoulder, and only small openings in the stands of birch, photo opportunities blur by and I have to etch the scenery in my mind rather than photograph it.

Even though my main destination is Miguasha, I will get to check off a new national historic site at Pointe-à-la-Croix, which is on the way. The Battle of Restigouche represented the last naval battle between the French and the English for possession of North America. The site is where the wreck of the Machault has laid for over 200 years, a relic of that time.

The national historic monument is close to the road, near the parking area, and I get out and snap a few photos of it for my collection before walking up to the site.

National Historic site Monument Battle of Restigouche
National historic site monument Battle of Restigouche

The building is up a set of stairs and has a balcony that offers a view of the grounds and the river beyond and, of course, Sugarloaf Mountain, Campbellton, New Brunswick on the left.

Grounds of Battle of Restigouche, National historic site
Grounds of Battle of Restigouche, national historic site

I can’t take photos in the museum but several artifacts and interpretive plaques describe the battle and lifestyle of the people in 1760.

plaque in the museum at Battle of Restigouche
Plaque in the museum at Battle of Restigouche site.

I finish with my tour and come away understanding a lot more of the history and a place I’d only just heard about from the lady at the visitor center in Campbellton area, New Brunswick.

I leave the highway to follow the Miguasha signs in the area of Escuminac, a small farming community made picturesque by abandoned farm machinery and wooden barns weathered to a silvery gray.   Sparrows dart from the scrub brush draping over the side of the narrow road, flying so close to the front of the truck I worry I will strike one, and I slow down.

The modern architecture of the museum stands out in this landscape and there is no doubt that I have arrived.  I park the truck and head to the entrance. Pulling open the door, my eyes have to adjust to the dimmer lighting.

Entrance from water to land
Entrance display from water to land the Devonian era

It is laid out like a maze, angled corners and narrow passages lead to a larger room with interpretive plaques and panels filling the walls. I wait in the line up to pay admission.

“Bonjour” says the man from behind the counter, I step forward with a smile and say “Bonjour, admission for one please” He hands me an information brochure.

“You have just missed the tour, there is another English one at 3:30 pm.” Too long a wait for me.

“I will just do my own thing if that is ok?”  “Of course, follow the hall way to your left,” he points and I depart.

The Restigouche River has been revealing secrets of the Devonian Age since the 1800’s and this is the premier place to learn about fish and plants species from that era.

Prince of Miquasha
Prince of Miguasha, Eusthenopteron. This is the longest complete fossil of its kind.

I carry on from room to room, so many display cases filled with wonders. I had read that the world’s oldest shark   fossil was found in Campbellton area, New Brunswick. Called a bothriolepsi, it has been dated to 409 million years old and is being preserved on-site but I’m not sure if it is on display. Another major evolutionary find was the Elpistostege watsoni, a species of a finned fish that shows the transition from aquatic to terrestrial life.

labour day wknd_063 camping.JPG

I enter a small theater and watch a short documentary but the fossils can’t hold my attention any longer. I am eager go down to the fossil cliff and walk the shore.



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Down the metal staircase, I head directly to the bank and kneel down, inspecting the cliff. I imagine how exciting it must be to piece together the earth’s puzzle from so long ago. Checking that no one is watching, I do a quick finger sweep of some layers to see if I can find any fossils.  The fragile bits of shale and sandstone are so brittle they crumble from the bank under my touch.

I leave foot print impression in the fine particles on the sea floor as I walk. I keep my head down, not wanting to miss any finds. A man with a hat and a name tag on his shirt approaches,  I feel his presence and look up as he says “Hello.” I greet him back but keep walking by.  I spend another fifteen minutes picking up bits of rock and turning them over, examining them, then head back up the stairs,  to find the trails through the woods.3.5 km of interpretive trails are also in the park Interpretive plaques are placed randomly, describing the flora and fauna.  I stop at an opening in the trees that gives a lovely view across the channel. A cool breeze blows in from the water, giving me goosebumps, a foreshadowing of the fall weather closing in. labour day wknd_075 camping.JPG

Completing the walk I go to my truck and get my lunch, then sit at the picnic table to read the brochure while I eat my sandwich. A family with a little girl laughs and plays nearby. Miguasha isn’t just a UNESCO world heritage site but also a park to be enjoyed. The word Miguasha in Mi’gmaq means red earth, a fair description of the mountains of the area. I deposit my wrapper in the wastebasket and take one more look around the grounds and snap of picture of the UNESCO flag flapping in the breeze.  Somewhere down the road is another adventure and I have no doubt I will find it.

If you are interested in more on fossils and UNESCO sites please read Joggins fossil cliffs- UNESCO WHS  and Summer Of The Beach  Happy travels from Maritime Mac.



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9 thoughts on “Miguasha-UNESCO heritage site, Quebec

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  1. These distant eras of Earth history have always fascinated me Kelly, I’d love to visit this place. Imagine if we could travel back to those days, how amazing it would be.


    1. I live to travel. I would love to do more exotic places but the cost and time makes it difficult to do. I make the most of my location. Thanks as always Jim.


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